Volume 7, Issue 6, December 2018, Page: 281-286
Effect of Personal and Working Characteristics on Staff Nurses’ Leadership Behaviors in Acute Care Setting
Mohammed Shahin, King Abdulaziz Hospital, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
Amany Abdrbo, Nursing Administration Department, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Somaya Ahmed Bayoumy, Nursing Administration Department, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Received: Nov. 18, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 13, 2018;       Published: Jan. 4, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajns.20180706.21      View  197      Downloads  46
Contemporary health care organizations focus on the capability and efficiency of front-line staff to minimize bureaucracy and ensure better performance to meet the vision, mission, and values of the organization. In health care organizations, front line staff must gain leadership abilities which enable them to perform multifocal and complex tasks required by healthcare. Those leadership abilities will certainly optimize the quality of services which cannot be achieved without effective leadership. This study aims to assess nurses’ leadership behaviors and the effect of personal and working characteristics on their leadership behaviors in acute care hospitals. Cross-sectional correlational design is used to collect data from a stratified randomized sample of 129 nurses from different wards. The questionnaire includes demographic data and self-assessment leadership instrument. Most of the participants are females, married, and have children. Their age range is about 37. Nurses’ age which ranges between 35-54 years (X-Generation) rated the highest score of leadership behaviors in comparison with other generations. The results revealed that only personal characteristics (gender, education and nationality) have significant effect on nurses’ leadership behaviors. Assessing factors affecting nurses’ leadership behaviors is crucial for health care organizations to survive and succeed in the current globalized competitive work environment.
Personal and Working Characteristics, Staff Nurses, Leadership Behaviors
To cite this article
Mohammed Shahin, Amany Abdrbo, Somaya Ahmed Bayoumy, Effect of Personal and Working Characteristics on Staff Nurses’ Leadership Behaviors in Acute Care Setting, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2018, pp. 281-286. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20180706.21
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Daly, J., et al., The importance of clinical leadership in the hospital setting. Journal of Healthcare Leadership, 2014. 6: p. 75-83.
Joseph, M. L. and D. L. Huber, Clinical leadership development and education for nurses: prospects and opportunities. Journal of healthcare leadership, 2015. 7: p. 55.
Al-Sawai, A., Leadership of healthcare professionals: where do we stand? Oman medical journal, 2013. 28(4): p. 285.
Malik, S. H., Relationship between Leader Behaviors and Employees' Job Satisfaction: A Path-Goal Approach. Pakistan Journal of Commerce & Social Sciences, 2013. 7(1).
Igbaekemen, G. and J. Odivwri, Impact of leadership style on organization performance: A critical literature review. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 2015. 5(142): p. 1-7.
Salmond, S. W. and M. Echevarria, Healthcare transformation and changing roles for nursing. Orthopedic nursing, 2017. 36(1): p. 12.
American Nurses Association, ANA Leadership Institute: Competency Model. 2013, Silver Spring, MD: Author.
Alan, H. and U. Baykal, Personality characteristics of nurse managers: The personal and professional factors that affect their performance. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing/Psikiyatri Hemsireleri Dernegi, 2018. 9(2).
Amanchukwu, R. N., G. J. Stanley, and N. P. Ololube, A review of leadership theories, principles and styles and their relevance to educational management. Management, 2015. 5(1): p. 6-14.
Kuipers, P., et al., Complexity and health care: Health practitioner workforce, services, roles, skills and training to respond to patients with complex needs. 2011, Brisbane, QLD: Clinical Education and Training Queensland.
Duffy, A., Nursing Leadership and Employee Satisfaction Perception in a Virtual Work Environment. 2018.
Kantanen, K., et al., Leadership and management competencies of head nurses and directors of nursing in Finnish social and health care. Journal of Research in Nursing, 2017. 22(3): p. 228-244.
Anonson, J., et al., Qualities of exemplary nurse leaders: perspectives of frontline nurses. Journal of nursing management, 2014. 22(1): p. 127-136.
Yin, K., et al., Are empowered employees more proactive? The contingency of how they evaluate their leader. Frontiers in psychology, 2017. 8: p. 1802.
Mazzoccoli, A. and G. Wolf, Mentoring through the leadership journey: From novice to expert. Nurse Leader, 2016. 14(4): p. 253-256.
Hargett, C. W., et al., Developing a model for effective leadership in healthcare: a concept mapping approach. Journal of healthcare leadership, 2017. 9: p. 69.
Fardellone, C., et al., Leadership behaviors of frontline staff nurses. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 2014. 45(11): p. 506-513.
Foli, K. J., et al., Development of leadership behaviors in undergraduate nursing students: A service-learning approach. Nursing education perspectives, 2014. 35(2): p. 76-82.
Wessel, J., et al., Emotional-social intelligence in health science students and its relation to leadership, caring and moral judgment. Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice, 2008. 6(1): p. 5.
Abdrbo, A. A., Self-assessment of leadership behaviors among baccalaureate nursing students with different clinical training experience and nurses. International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research, 37, 106, 2012. 111.
Attia, A. A. M. and E. S. Miligi, Leadership Behaviors As Perceived By Pediatric Nurses and Its Effect on Their Satisfaction and Performance. 2017.
Barbuto, J. E., et al., Effects of gender, education, and age upon leaders’ use of influence tactics and full range leadership behaviors. Sex Roles, 2007. 56(1-2): p. 71-83.
Boerrigter, C., How leader's age is related to leader effectiveness: Through leader's affective state and leadership behavior. 2015, University of Twente.
Van Velsor, E. and J. Wright, Expanding the Leadership Equation: Developing Next-Generation Leaders. A White Paper. Center for Creative Leadership (NJ1), 2012.
Coburn, A. S. and S. J. Hall, Generational differences in nurses’ characteristics, job satisfaction, quality of work life, and psychological empowerment. Journal of Hospital Administration, 2014. 3(5): p. 124.
Balasubramanian, P. and V. R. Krishnan, Impact of gender and transformational leadership on ethical behaviors. Great Lakes Herald, 2012. 6(1): p. 45-58.
Cummings, G., et al., Factors contributing to nursing leadership: a systematic review. Journal of health services research & policy, 2008. 13(4): p. 240-248.
US Census Bureau. 2017 Data Brief Update: Current Trends of Men in Nursing. . 2017 [cited 2018 27 October]; Available from: http://healthworkforcestudies.com/publications-data/data_brief_update_current_trends_of_men_in_nursing.html
Burkhardt, M. A. and A. Nathaniel, Ethics and issues in contemporary nursing. 2013: Nelson Education.
Gangwar, N., Does Gender & Marital Status influence Organizational Behavior Dimensions effecton Performance: A study of Management Faculties? Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 2017. 3(4).
Tai, S.-Y., et al., Effects of marital status and shift work on family function among registered nurses. Industrial health, 2014. 52(4): p. 296-303.
Alghamdi, M. G., R. Topp, and M. S. AlYami, The effect of gender on transformational leadership and job satisfaction among Saudi nurses. Journal of advanced nursing, 2018. 74(1): p. 119-127.
Cziraki, K., et al., Nurses’ leadership self-efficacy, motivation, and career aspirations. Leadership in Health Services, 2018. 31(1): p. 47-61.
Clavelle, J. T., et al., Transformational leadership practices of chief nursing officers in Magnet® organizations. Journal of Nursing Administration, 2012. 42(4): p. 195-201.
Laschinger, H. K. S. and R. Fida, New nurses burnout and workplace wellbeing: The influence of authentic leadership and psychological capital. Burnout Research, 2014. 1(1): p. 19-28.
Bormann, L. and K. Abrahamson, Do staff nurse perceptions of nurse leadership behaviors influence staff nurse job satisfaction? The case of a hospital applying for Magnet® designation. Journal of Nursing Administration, 2014. 44(4): p. 219-225.
Almutairi, A. F., A. McCarthy, and G. E. Gardner, Understanding cultural competence in a multicultural nursing workforce: Registered nurses’ experience in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 2015. 26(1): p. 16-23.
Abudari, G., et al., Knowledge of and attitudes towards palliative care among multinational nurses in Saudi Arabia. International journal of palliative nursing, 2014. 20(9): p. 435-441.
O'Keefe, S. A., The Development and Initial Validation of a Self-Assessment for Global Leadership Competencies. 2018.
Pennington, P., C. Townsend, and R. Cummins, The relationship of leadership practices to culture. Journal of Leadership Education, 2003. 2(1): p. 27-44.
Waltz, C. F., O. L. Strickland, and E. R. Lenz, Measurement in nursing and health research. 2010: Springer publishing company.
Yura, H., Faculty perceptions of behavior indicating leadership potential of baccalaureate nursing students. 1970, ProQuest Information & Learning.
Smola, B., Refinement and validation of a tool measuring leadership characteristics of a baccalaureate students. Measurement of nursing outcomes, 1988. 2: p. 314-36.
IBM, C., IBM SPSS statistics for windows, version 22.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp, 2013.
Denker, A.-L., et al., Florida Nurse Leader Survey findings: key leadership competencies, barriers to leadership, and succession planning needs. Journal of Nursing Administration, 2015. 45(7/8): p. 404-410.
Laschinger, H. K. S., et al., Resonant leadership and workplace empowerment: The value of positive organizational cultures in reducing workplace incivility. Nursing Economics, 2014. 32(1): p. 5-18.
Aktas, M., M. J. Gelfand, and P. J. Hanges, Cultural tightness–looseness and perceptions of effective leadership. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2016. 47(2): p. 294-309.
Richard, D. L., When cultures collide: leading across cultures. 2018: NICHOLAS BREALEY PUB.
Al-Mahmoud, S., P. Mullen, and P. Spurgeon, Saudisation of the nursing workforce: Reality and myths about planning nurse training in Saudi Arabia. Journal of American Science, 2012. 8(4): p. 369-379.
Al Hosis, K. F., F. A. Mersal, and L. I. Keshk, Effects of job stress on health of saudi nurses working in ministry of health hospitals in qassim region in KSA. Life Science Journal, 2013. 10(1): p. 1036-1044.
Browse journals by subject