Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2019, Page: 125-134
Non-pharmacological Treatment of Intensive Care Unit Delirium
Liu Ke, Department of Intensive Care Unit, People’s Hospital of Leshan, Leshan, China
Wang Jun, Department of Surgical, People’s Hospital of Leshan, Leshan, China
Ma Zhiqun, Department of Union President, People’s Hospital of Leshan, Leshan, China
Chen Bing, Department of Nursing Department, People’s Hospital of Leshan, Leshan, China
Wang Lijun, Department of Vascular, Pediatric, Anorectal Surgery, People’s Hospital of Leshan, Leshan, China
Gong Juan, Department of Intensive Care Unit, People’s Hospital of Leshan, Leshan, China
Wang Rui, Department of Intensive Care Unit, People’s Hospital of Leshan, Leshan, China
Received: Mar. 21, 2019;       Accepted: May 5, 2019;       Published: May 29, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190803.17      View  134      Downloads  23
Abstract
Objective: To understand whether non-pharmacological treatment can reduce intensive care units. Methods: A review was conducted by searching the literature in the CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, and EMBASE database. The prevalence of sputum in the ICU is 16%-89%. It is characterized by short-term memory loss, disorientation and impaired attention. There are three types of sputum, including hyperactivity, hyperactivity, and mixing. Both pharmacology and non-pharmacology include ABCDE care bundles, sedation, early mobilization, promotion of personal sleep quality, reduced noise and artificial lighting, and patient education. Music therapy as a non-pharmacological intervention has not been fully studied. CONCLUSIONS: Non-pharmacological treatment of sputum in the ICU remains an effective method because it eliminates the use of sedatives. However, this depends on the health of the patient, such as vision and hearing impairment. Exploring the effectiveness of music therapy for this condition will help to further improve the multi-component approach, which requires a combination of non-pharmacological interventions to promote patient health.
Keywords
Intensive Care Unit, Non-pharmacological, Delirium
To cite this article
Liu Ke, Wang Jun, Ma Zhiqun, Chen Bing, Wang Lijun, Gong Juan, Wang Rui, Non-pharmacological Treatment of Intensive Care Unit Delirium, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2019, pp. 125-134. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190803.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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