Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2019, Page: 232-238
The Authority Exercised by Nurses in Healthcare Institutions
Danelia Gómez-Torres, Faculty of Nursing and Obstetrics, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, Toluca, Mexico
Karla Sofìa Gómez-Alcántara, Faculty of Nursing and Obstetrics, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, Toluca, Mexico
Received: May 27, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 5, 2019;       Published: Aug. 28, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190805.15      View  91      Downloads  29
Abstract
Modern management in institutions or organizations consists in the creation of an innovative mentality which focuses on permanent learning and sustains the growth of competitiveness and the achievement of goals. Thus the authority enjoyed by nursing in healthcare institutions aims to achieve changes, engendering behavior that enables collective interaction for the benefit for healthcare institutions. The present research aimed to reveal the manner and meaning in which authority is exercised by nurses in the course of their managerial activity in healthcare institutions. Methodology: Qualitative descriptive research in which participated twenty-three senior level nurse managers in healthcare institutions, with interviews conducted using a guide, based on the lead questions and, thus, the research objectives. The criteria for inclusion were that pariticpants had worked as Director of Nursing for more than two years. The data was collected in the managers’ working environment, with the two dimensions – the meaning and type of the authority that nurses possess – selected from the most significant data and then analyzed and discussed in terms of Blumer’s theory of symbolic interactionism. The results revealed the meaning of authority, which is symbolized as respect and discipline, while its exercise requires specific knowledge. The characteristics of the authority wielded by the nurse were also identified, with the moral value of the manager considered to be of the utmost importance. The types of authority exercised by nurses were identified as either formal or moral. The present study concludes that social representation and interaction are revealed as integral by the measurement of authority conducted here, where meaning is distinct to the essence and philosophy of the profession, as they are immersed in an indispensible component – managerial and organizational communication.
Keywords
Nursing, Chief Executive Officers, Symbolic Interactionism
To cite this article
Danelia Gómez-Torres, Karla Sofìa Gómez-Alcántara, The Authority Exercised by Nurses in Healthcare Institutions, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2019, pp. 232-238. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190805.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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