Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2019, Page: 255-262
Nursing Students’ Clinical Practice Experience During the Internship Year at Different Hospitals: A Qualitative Study
Samar Sultan Althaqafi, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Hala Abdullah Alhatimi, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Alhanouf Meteb Almalki, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Ola Muneer Alyamani, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Maram Ahmed Banakhar, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Received: Aug. 1, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 10, 2019;       Published: Sep. 26, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190805.18      View  31      Downloads  16
Abstract
Background: An internship programme is an important period that enables nursing students to work and function as primary nurses, with three to eight patients per shift, in order to develop their clinical skills by integrating theory with practice and improving their assessment, problem solving, and interpersonal skills. Having undergraduate nursing interns from different colleges in one clinical placement may explain the variation regarding the factors, challenges, and barriers that affect students’ clinical practice during the internship period. Study aim: This study aimed to explore the clinical practice experiences of nursing students doing internship years at different hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Method: A descriptive qualitative study was conducted with nursing interns from the Faculty of Nursing at a university in Saudi Arabia, who were doing internship years at different hospitals. The study participants were selected using purposive sampling. The data were collected via three semi-structured focus group interviews and analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Educational programmes, hospital orientation programmes, and mentorship programmes were all highlighted as the most important influencing factors in the interns’ clinical practice. In addition, unfair treatment, the ignorance of healthcare professionals, and being involved in non-nursing work were highlighted as challenging factors that negatively affected the interns’ clinical practice. Conclusion: There is a need for continuous educational programmes and mentorship programmes to be provided for all nursing interns, in particular by hospital education departments. In addition, a clear job description and list of responsibilities for all nursing interns should be provided at the start of the internship programme in order to prevent interns from being involved in non-nursing work.
Keywords
Nursing Students, Internship Programme, Clinical Practice, Challenges in Clinical Practice
To cite this article
Samar Sultan Althaqafi, Hala Abdullah Alhatimi, Alhanouf Meteb Almalki, Ola Muneer Alyamani, Maram Ahmed Banakhar, Nursing Students’ Clinical Practice Experience During the Internship Year at Different Hospitals: A Qualitative Study, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2019, pp. 255-262. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190805.18
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Saudi Commission for Health Specialities. (2019 Retrieved from https://www.scfhs.org.sa/Registration/Regulation/Pages/Nursing.aspx.
[2]
Diane M. Haleem, Wendy Manetti, & Kathleen Evanina, & Robin Gallagher (2011). A Senior Internship Facilitating the Transition to Nursing Practice. Nurse Educator, Vol. 36, No. 5, pp. 208-213.
[3]
Olson, R. K., Gresley, R. S., & Heater, B. S. (1984). The Effects of an Undergraduate Clinical Internshipon the Self-Concept and Professional Role Mastery of Baccalaureate Nursing Students. Journal of Nursing Education, 1984; 23 (3); 105-108.
[4]
Najjar, H. A., & Rawas, H. (2018), Factors Affecting the Clinical Practice of Nursing Interns at Tertiary Hospital Jeddah in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Studies in Nursing; Vol. 3, No. 3; 2018.
[5]
Cheraghi, M. A., Salasli, M., & Ahmadi, F. (2007). Iranian nurses' perceptions of theoretical knowledge transfer into clinical practice; A grounded theory approach. Nursing and Health Sciences, 9, 212–220.
[6]
Edwards, H., Smith, S., Courtney, M., Finlayson, K., & Chapman, H. (2004). The impact of clinical placement location on nursing students' competence and preparedness for practice. Nursing Education Today, 24 (4) 248-255.
[7]
Atakro, C., Armah, E., Menlah, A., Garti, I., Addo, S., Adatara, P., & Boni, G. (2019). Clinical placement experiences by undergraduate nursing students in selected teaching hospitals in Ghana. BMC Nursing (2019) 18; 1.
[8]
Al-Momani, M. M. (2017). Difficulties Encountered by Final-Year Male Nursing Students in Their Internship Programmes. Malays J Med Sci. 2017 Aug; 24 (4); 30–38.
[9]
Aboshaiqah, A., Tumala, R., Patalagsa, J., Al-Khaibary, A., Al Fozan, H., & Ben, J. (2018). Perceptions of confidence among Saudi nursing interns during internship program; A cross-sectional study. Ann Saudi Med. 2018 Jul-Aug; 38 (4); 288–298.
[10]
Aboshaiqah, A., & Qasim. A. (2018), Nursing interns' perception of clinical competence upon completion of preceptorship experience in Saudi Arabia. UK; Elsevier Volume 68, September 2018, Pages 53-60.
[11]
Gray, J., Grove, s. & Sutherland, S. (2017). The Practice of Nursing Research; Appraisal, Synthesis, and Generation of Evidence (8th ed.). UK; Elsevier.
[12]
Polit, D. and Beck, C. (2018). Essentials of Nursing Research; Appraising Evidence for Nursing Practice (9th ed.). USA; Wolters Kluwer.
[13]
Bryman, A. (2008). Social research methods (3rd ed.). New York, Oxford; University Press Inc.
[14]
Goodman, C. & Evans, C. (2010). Focus Group (6th ed.). Oxford; A John Wiley & Sons Ltd Publication.
[15]
Logina, A., & Traynor. M. (2019). The relationship between effective transition models and the optimal management of patient care. British Journal of Nursing, 2019, Vol 28, No 3.
[16]
Weng, R., Huang, C., Tsai, W., Chang, L., Lin, S., & Lee, M. (2010). Exploring the impact of mentoring functions on job satisfaction and organizational commitment of new staff nurses. BMC Health Services Research 2010, 10; 240.
[17]
Al-Kandari, F., & Thomas, D. (2008). Adverse nurse outcomes; Correlation to nurses' workload, staffing, and shift rotation in Kuwaiti hospitals. UK; Elsevier. Volume 21, Issue 3, August 2008, Pages 139-146.
Browse journals by subject